On top of the extreme challenges faced by


socio-economically marginalised communities, the women of these communities face their own additional set of barriers to engaging in skill training, venturing into entrepreneurship and attaining a sustainable income:

  • It is difficult for them to balance household responsibilities with often inequitable work responsibilities and conditions.
  • There are few functional, safe crèches for the children of these women. One could argue that this is a problem for the working women of any class. But naturally the problem here is that these women have absolutely no finances left over to procure any services that reduce their childcare time commitments.

  • Social restrictions are many, especially for women from certain cultural or geographic groups. During our work with women entrepreneurs, we have heard a lot about their social battles. They are gossiped about in their neighbourhoods, their families put pressure on them to quit, they endure conflict with alcohol-fuelled male relatives, and instances of petty spite abound (in one case, our project participants complained about how they found their plastic folders - in which they carried training and accounts notes - cut up into bits).

Developing Inclusive Livelihoods. Available at: http://www.blog.sobhimohanty.com/urban-micro-business-centre-2013-14